We have already mentioned the archaeological site of Eloro here
. These are the remains of an ancient polis
, a colony of Syracuse, which unfortunately is not enough to officially visit
: the whole area is fenced and abandoned. Fortunately, the unofficial offers a couple of unexpected possibilities close to the sea ... The uncultivated vegetation, the steep ground, the presence of wells (in truth put in relative safety with metal gratings by the willing archaeologists who in the last century have worked of the few and insufficient diggings) and of hoes of hoe and bulldoz here and there by industrious tombaroli, make the visit of the site not without dangers (risk of a fine fine apart). From the point of view of safety, therefore, its fencing is justified. It is the neglect and its abandonment that I struggle to accept. Especially at the sight of the villa built between the l'Agora
and the Asclepion
that would have had to host the custodian of the archaeological area. What would make Eloro deserve more care and attention? The remains of a small archaic theater
(unfortunately genially shredded by a casually fascist reclamation channel), of a Temple of Demeter and Kore
, of a may be considered sufficient Stoà
and the aforementioned Agora
? Because if they were, his negligence and his abandonment would be a sin hardly forgivable.
The earliest traces of Greek culture on the promontory on which the polis
stands can be dated to the 8th century BC. Eloro, so named for the proximity of the river of the same name
, today Tellaro, was connected to Syracuse via the important Via Elorina. The rocky and rugged coastline on which it overlooks, which interspersed two splendid and frequent sandy beaches (we reflect on the increase of tourist appeal
if Eloro was cared for and visitable) preserves signs of significant human interventions, suggesting that the morphology of the coast at the time must have been so different as to harbor port facilities.
The most important excavations were carried out at the beginning of the 20th century by Paolo Orsi and Rosario Carta. There was a recovery in the late 50s and 70s by Elio Militello, Vito Piscione and Giuseppe Voza. In 1965, Maria Teresa Currò strove to give systematicity to the historical information hitherto inferred from the excavations. And if the information that the Dott. Fabio Copani
in this regard they are correct, since the '80s there seems to have been flat calm: in essence no one has moved a stone anymore (grave robbers, of course). Great! It is yet another sign that in Sicily we know how to value our resources ...
The aspect that fascinates me most in the history of Eloro, in common with other ancient settlements siculi
such as Noto Antica, is that its Hellenization
happened peacefully and gradually compared to the more hasty, traumatic and frequent expulsion of the indigenous to the sound of the sword from the territories in which the Greeks decided to found a colony (in fact there are examples of the "gentle" ways in which the Corinthian Archia "turned" the Sicilians from Ortigia). Apparently the promontory of Eloro was already inhabited by the Sicels before the foundation of Syracuse
, as well as, for example, Noto Antica. For the Greeks, the Sicilians never represented a military threat, since the organizational and technological gap between them was notable, therefore, unless they wanted to take possession of a new territory on which to found a new colony, they would have had no reason to drive them out of Eloro. However, it is true that the polis
Eloro however developed on a promontory overlooking the mouth of the Tellaro (at the time navigable) and therefore could also act as a Syracusan outpost, to defend the Greek metropolis from the Sicilian raids south. However, as previously pointed out, it is equally true that there would have been no reason to work so hard to contain the Sicilian threat. Among other things, the Sicels, aware of the Greek warlike ability that had also swept away Pantalica, adopted an attitude of reverence and accommodation towards the powerful Syracuse. The need of the Syracusans was therefore not really the foundation of a new colony, but rather the rapid occupation of the last port useful south on the Ionian coast
. To this end, the painless way of integration with the Sicilian population already established on the promontory of Eloro was decided, being located close to a river surrounded by fertile fields, as Dr. Copani points out
, could have represented the ideal landing place for the foundation of a colony
by Greeks of rival cities, then a threat to Syracuse far more real than Sicilian cities.
Eloro was certainly inhabited until the Byzantine era, as evidenced by the traces of the construction of a church on the ruins of the stoà
(common practice in Sicily, where the bases of older structures were used for the construction of new structures). The Torre Stampace
, whose remains are visible at the south-east corner of the promontory was instead built by the Aragonese in the fourteenth century on the remains of a fortress of which there is evidence in Roman times.
The only positive aspect of the archaeological area of Eloro is that the difficulty of being reached and being close to the Reserve of Vendicari, preserves it from being buried in the garbage
, fate that can not be found elsewhere archaeological and monumental sites in the area, such as the Grotta di Calafarina, the Torre Scibini or the Torre Fano (of which, I hope, I will soon have the pleasure of speaking to you).
IN THE BALY OF THE JUDGMENT OF AN IDIOT: THE REVIEW AS A PUNISHMENT
Waiting for the appointment with my webmaster for the regular maintenance of the camping site, I take a quick look at his positioning with respect to some search "queries", to evaluate the retouching of some "meta tags" (not that much changes but, according to the essay, every fly liver is substance ...)
From all research, using keywords and combinations obviously relevant, there is a constant: like parsley, TripAdvisor is omnipresent. At the end of this 2018, there is nothing to be surprised about. TripAdvisor is one of the most visited sites in the world . It can be considered a sort of Michelin Guide online, constantly updated, having a disproportionately larger number of inspectors, but not paid. TripAdvisor uses mechanisms from social networks to turn most of its passive "users" into active "taxpayers": as well as in the sci-fi dystopia of Matrix anyone is potentially an agent...
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In his touching monologue, the talented Igiebor Eseosa tells of an evening, an evening in any one of the many Libyan concentration camps where migrants are forced to live crammed like animals, waiting uncertain and indeterminate of their turn for the crossing of the Mediterranean. Some jailers enter the warehouse to snatch a six-year-old girl from the arms of a desperate mother who begs them to have mercy. The girl is raped by the inhuman herd all night long. It is then rejected in the arms of the mother, unconscious, bleeding and swollen.
The "dose" has risen from the story of a woman who has died in the birth of a child with his son almost born, complaining of labor, simply annoyed his tormentors.
From father and husband, in hindsight, I could also have preferred an energetic and well-balanced fist in the belly listening to the reports of the daily atrocities in the Libyan...
HOW TO START AN AGRICAMPING IN AN EUFEMISTICALLY SHORTSIGHTED SYSTEM
It was the late summer of 2009 and from my uncles 'cellar, Vini Sultana , all' dusk, I watched the vineyard and the olive grove planted long ago by my far-sighted grandfather. There the sunsets are quite bewitching, perhaps due to the softness of the hills and the countryside of Pachino, perhaps due to the ancient charm of the ruins of old farmhouses, perhaps due to the relaxing permanence of the Iblei in the distance. And there, probably also influenced by the many wonderful years spent in scouting, I thought I saw tents among the olive trees. No, it was not about any abusive camper but simply of my galloping imagination in the throes of having to combine something for my future subsistence ... I was in fact completing my course of study in philosophy and soon I could have the title of Doctor Magistrale in Contemporary Philosophy, degree theoretically "qualifying" for teaching....
ISPICA AND THE LOGGIATO DEL SINATRA
Ispica is a quiet town of Ragusa, to which in 1693 it touched a fate similar to that of Noto: half destroyed by the earthquake, it was largely rebuilt in a different location from the original site. The ancient city developed within the southernmost part of the Cava d'Ispica, a river valley between the Iblei mountains. Only the neighborhoods built around the simply damaged (but left standing) churches of Sant'Antonio and del Carmine were kept in the original site, districts that still preserve the irregular layout typical of medieval villages. The new city was rebuilt outside the quarry, on a chessboard, with straight and wide roads. Called Hyspicae fundus by the Romans, probably referring to the quarry, became Spaccaforno in medieval times to officially reacquire the ancient lemma in 1935, Italianized in Ispica. Its reconstruction took place according to the architectural canons...
NOTO, NON PLUS ULTRA OF THE SICILIAN BAROQUE
That Noto, a town of just under 25,000 inhabitants, is the fourth Italian municipality by extension, speaks volumes about its historical importance and political influence, which saw Syracuse as its rival in south-eastern Sicily. The history of Noto is millenary, probably pre-existing to the Greek colonization. However, the Noto we know today was rebuilt 8 km further south than the original site , following the devastating earthquake that razed it in 1693. This refounding work has in fact turned out to be a laboratory of brilliant engineering and artistic minds of 18th century Europe, able to give light to the urban plan of refined baroque architecture known today as the historical center of Noto, which became a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002. The historic center is a succession of palaces, churches, squares and stairways, built in limestone and sandstone which gives the...
ELORO, AN DIVING TO THE FEET OF THE GREEK COLOGNE
Eloro was the first Syracuse colony , founded on a hill overlooking the sea, at the mouth of the Tellaro , at the end of the VIII century BC. There are ruins of temples, walls, necropolis, agora and funerary monuments such as the Colonna Pizzuta . And it remains especially bitter in the mouth because it is an abandoned archaeological site at the mercy of tombaroli equipped even with bulldozers , in search of archaeological treasures to be allocated to the black market. However, the "fate" adverse to this site has less recent origins: the small Greek theater dating back to the end of IV, partly carved into the rock, visible from the path leading to the beach, was cut by fascist ignorance in order to achieve a water channel for the reclamation of the area. Leitmotiv of Sicilian architectural history is the construction of buildings by the dominating civilization of turn, on...
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The Infiorata di Noto does not start in Via Nicolaci to end in the steps of the Church Montevergini. The entire city of Noto opens up to the event, wrapping it in a festivities with unmistakable late-medieval references, with flag wavers in the procession on imposing rhythmic figures played by snare drums and drums, in front of a hypothetical court netina in period clothes under the portici of Palazzo Ducezio. The convulsive parade of a lively dragon, on a frenetic drumming to accompany its movements, bears witness to the dedication of this XXXIX edition of the Infiorata : China in bloom - The Silk Road. The interesting aspect of the Infiorata is the ability of to go beyond the territorial and artistic boundaries, acting as a sounding board and the glue of very different fields. So the Loggia del Mercato, Piazza San Camillo, Piazza Val di Noto, Piazza XVI Maggio, host stands of...
A NATURE RESERVE LIKE VENDICARI IS INCOMPATIBLE WITH THE BLUE FLAG?
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The FEE contemplates the "officially" seaside resorts that request it. In Vendicari, the bathing is in a certain sense "tolerated", in the radical respect of the environment: in fact all the "beach" behaviors are explicitly forbidden at each entry by ad hoc signage, such as the use of balls, rackets or...